what is Cancer and types of cancer

Cancer Newspaper Word

Cancer is an ailment involving the growth of abnormal cells in the body which is uncontrollable and can metastasize. However, Benign tumor does not have the ability to spread. Malignant tumors sometimes metastasize.

These unusual cell growths start growing when the body’s normal control mechanism stops working. When this happens the old cells do not die rather grow uncontrollably forming abnormal cells. This extra and new cells form a mass of tissue called a Tumor. Tumor develops when cells reproduce too fast.


  • Benign
  • Pre-malignant
  • Malignant


These tumors do not spread ( metastasize) Hence, are not cancerous. When removed they do not have the ability to develop.


The pre-malignant tumor has every ability to metastasize but the cells are not cancerous yet.


Malignant tumors metastasize and are cancerous. That means the unusual cells grow and affect or spread to other body parts.


We have the following types of cancer:

  • Adrenal
  • Anal
  • Melanoma
  • Mesothelioma
  • Appendix
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Bile duct
  • Neuroendrocrine
  • Bladder
  • Non-hodgkin lymphoma
  • Bone cancer
  • Oral
  • Brain
  • Ovarian
  • Breast
  • Pancreatic
  • Cervical
  • Prostate
  • Colorectal
  • Sinus
  • Esophageal
  • Skin
  • Gallbladder
  • Soft tissue Sarcoma
  • Gestational trophoblastic disease
  • Spinal
  • Head and neck
  • Stomach
  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Testicular
  • Intestinal
  • Throat
  • Kidney
  • Thyroid
  • Leukemia
  • Liver
  • Vaginal
  • Lung
  • Vulvar

There are about 40 types of cancer as listed above but the most common 12 types of cancer are :

  • Breast
  • lung
  • Prostate
  • Colorectal
  • Melanoma
  • Bladder
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Kidney
  • Endometrial
  • Leukemia
  • Pancreatic
  • Thyroid
  • Liver cancer


Breast cancer is familiar because it is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the united state of America, after skin cancer.

LUNG CANCER (not excluding Bronchus)

Lung cancer is the second most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. But one of its major cause is smoking. So, it is advised you stop smoking to lower the risk of lung and bronchus cancer. Because smoking is dangerous to your health. The producers of Cigarette have said that “smokers are liable to die young”.

Types of cancer


Prostate cancer does not grow fast but it is the 3rd most common cancer. It is the 2nd leading cause of cancer death among men in the USA.


Colorectal also is known as the colon or the rectum, makes up the big intestine together. So, cancer found in the colon and rectum is called colorectal cancer.


Melanoma cancer begins in the cells that make up the pigment that is responsible to give your skin its color (melanin).

however, it can also build on the eye and other pigmented tissue but more common on the skin.


This is more common in men than women, and affects adults that are of age.


Non-Hodgkin lymphoma cancer is attributed to tumors growing from a type of white blood cell known as a lymphocyte. It starts in the lymphatic system.

KIDNEY (renal cell and renal pelvis) CANCER

Renal cell carcinoma is kidney cancer and the most common type of kidney cancer which commonly develops as a single tumor in one kidney.


This is a type of uterine cancer and the most common unlike the uterine sarcoma is which are always rare.

LEUKEMIA(all types)

These types of cancer start in the blood. Because a large number of abnormal white blood cells grow and develop in the blood and bone marrow to where they gather and block the normal blood cells. This affects the body and makes the supply of oxygen to its tissue very difficult, So, the body can no longer fight infections and control bleeding.


Pancreatic cancer begins developing in the pancreas and quickly spreads to other body parts. It metastasizes.


Follicular, medullary, and are the most popular type of thyroid cancer, papillary can be treated effectively with good results but Anaplastic thyroid cancer is difficult to cure.


Breast cancer affects the breast either one or both and has higher yearly deaths because it affects both genders.

Inflammatory breast cancer

This type of breast cancer is rare. It develops very fast making the affected breast red, tender, and swollen.

  1. Appearance of the breast when affected changes
  2. The affected breast becomes thick, heavy and big
  3. Color of the affected breast changes to either red, pink and purple or bruised
  4. It makes the affected breast to experience unusual warmth
  5. There will be ridges or dimpling similar to an orange peel on the affected breast
  6. Pain, aching and tenderness
  7. Flattening of the nipple and
  8. Enlargement of the lymph nodes under the arm, above or below the collar bone.

What causes inflammatory breast cancer is not clear but it begins with an abnormal cell in one of the breast ducts,

  1. If you are a woman
  2. black people
  3. Being obese

Metastatic breast cancer is also known and called stage IV or advanced breast cancer. It metastasizes i.e. spreads to other parts of the body because it metastasizes and forms secondary tumors. It spreads to so body organ-like, the brain, lungs, liver, and bone.
Treatment of the Metastatic breast cancer depends on some factors and they are as follows:

  1. Menopausal status
  2. Where the cancer has spread to
  3. Prior treatment history of the affected person
  4. Hormone receptor (HR) and Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)

read more about Metastatic breast cancer https://fitnessprove.com/what-is-metastatic-breast-cancer-its-symptoms-and-how-it-is-spread/

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