Cancer is a disease involving the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body and can metastasize. However, Benign tumor does not have the ability to metastasize. Malignant tumors sometimes metastasize(spreads to other parts (s) of the body).
These abnormal cell growths start growing when the body’s normal control mechanism stops working. When this happens the old body cells do not die rather grow uncontrollably forming abnormal cells. This new and extra cells form a mass of tissue called a Tumor. Tumor develops when cells reproduce too fast.
TYPES OF TUMOR
These are tumors that do not metastasize. Because they cannot spread to other parts of the body. Hence, are not cancerous. When removed they do not have the ability to develop.
The premalignant tumor has every potential to metastasize but the cells are not cancerous yet.
Malignant tumors metastasize and are cancerous. That means the abnormal cells grow and affect or spread to other body parts.
TYPES OF CANCER
We have the following types of cancer:
- Multiple myeloma
- Bile duct
- Non-hodgkin lymphoma
- Bone cancer
- Soft tissue Sarcoma
- Gestational trophoblastic disease
- Head and neck
- Hodgkin lymphoma
There are about 40 types of cancer as listed above but the most common 12 types of cancer are :
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Liver cancer
Breast cancer is popular because it is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the united state of America, after skin cancer.
LUNG CANCER (not excluding Bronchus)
Lung cancer is the second most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. But one of its major cause is smoking. So, it is advised you quit smoking to lower the risk of lung and bronchus cancer. Because smoking is dangerous to your health. The manufactures of Cigarette have said that “smokers are liable to die young”.
Prostate cancer is slow in growing but it is the third most common cancer. It is the second leading cause of cancer death among men in the USA.
COLON AND RECTAL CANCER
Colorectal refers to the colon or the rectum, they make up the large intestine together. So, the cancer found in the colon and rectum is called colorectal cancer.
Melanoma cancer is called melanoma because it begins in the cells that make up the pigment that is responsible to give your skin its color (melanin).
however, it can also form on the eye and other pigmented tissue but more common on the skin.
These types are common in men than women and affects adults that are older.
A non-Hodgkin lymphoma cancer is characterized by tumors growing from a type of white blood cell known as a lymphocyte. It starts in the lymphatic system.
KIDNEY (renal cell and renal pelvis) CANCER
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer which commonly develops as a single tumor in one kidney.
It is a type of uterine cancer and it is the most common while the uterine sarcoma is always rare.
These types of cancer begin in the blood and a large number of abnormal white blood cells grow and develop in the blood and bone marrow to where they gather and block the normal blood cells. This affects the body and makes oxygen distribution to its tissue difficult, So, the body can no longer fight infections and control bleeding.
Pancreatic cancer starts developing in the pancreas and rapidly spreads to other body parts. It metastasizes because it spreads to other body parts.
Follicular, medullary, and the most common type of thyroid cancer, papillary can be treated effectively with good results but Anaplastic thyroid cancer is difficult to cure.
The breast cancer has higher yearly deaths because it affects both genders.
Inflammatory breast cancer
This type of breast cancer is rare. It develops rapidly making the affected breast red, tender and swollen.
SYMPTOMS OF INFLAMMATORY BREAST CANCER
- Appearance of the breast when affected changes
- The affected breast becomes thick, heavy and big
- Color of the affected breast changes to either red, pink and purple or bruised
- It makes the affected breast to experience unusual warmth
- There will be ridges or dimpling similar to an orange peel on the affected breast
- Pain, aching and tenderness
- Flattening of the nipple and
- Enlargement of the lymph nodes under the arm, above or below the collar bone.
CAUSES OF INFLAMATORY BREAST CANCER
It is not clear what causes inflammatory breast cancer but it begins with abnormal cell in one of the breast ducts,
- If you are a woman
- black people
- Being obese
METASTATIC BREAST CANCER
Metastatic breast cancer is also known as stage IV or advance. It is a breast cancer that metastasizes i.e. spreads to other parts of the body because it metastasize and form secondary tumors. The common body parts or organs it spreads to are the brain, lungs, liver, and bone.
Treatment of the Metastatic breast cancer depends on some factors and they are as follows:
- Menopausal status
- Where the cancer has spread to
- Prior treatment history of the affected person
- Hormone receptor (HR) and Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)
read more about Metastatic breast cancer https://fitnessprove.com/what-is-metastatic-breast-cancer-its-symptoms-and-how-it-is-spread/