What is Hyperglycemia
Hyperglycemia is another name for a high blood sugar levels or high glucose levels. This happens when the body does not make insulin or use it sufficiently.Because insulin is the hormone that absorbs glucose into the cells. And also converts them to useful energy. The hyperglycemia symptoms are the early signs of high blood sugar levels and also what an ongoing high blood glucose level may cause as listed below.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce insulin while type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not use insulin.
When people with diabetes do not manage their blood sugar levels, severe complications like Ketoacidosis (DKA) can develop. High glucose level is a leading indicator of diabetes.
CAUSES OF HYPERGLYCEMIA
- People will experience an increase in blood sugar levels after eating meals with high glucose especially meals containing a high amount of carbohydrates.
- Overeating and not engaging in physical activities can increase the amount of sugar or glucose in the blood. This can affect insulin because there will be more glucose than it can process.
- Skipping or forgetting to take insulin or oral sugar-lowering medicine
- When you have an infection(s)
- When one is under stress
- Eating too many carbs
- Taking part in some strenuous physical activities, especially when the insulin levels are low and blood glucose levels are high.
The Dawn phenomenon is one of the common causes of hyperglycemia in people with diabetes. It occurs in the morning (early) when certain hormones like glucagon, epinephrine, and cortisol make the liver release glucose into the blood.
However, not all high glucose levels in the morning are caused by the dawn phenomenon because some can also be as a result of eating high carbohydrates or sugary food before bedtime.
SYMPTOMS OF HYPERGLYCEMIA
Early signs of hyperglycemia or high blood sugar level are:
- Blurred vision
- Increased thirst or feeling thirsty more often
- Frequent peeing or urinating
- Weakness or tiredness(fatigue)
- When the blood sugar levels are higher than 180mg/dl before a meal
Ongoing high blood glucose levels may cause
- Skin and vagina infections
- Worse vision
- Damage to the eyes, blood vessels, kidneys and so on
- Chronic constipation or diarrhea which may be caused by stomach and intestinal problems
- Damaged your nerves and causing painful cold, insensitive feet, erectile dysfunction (ED), and loss of hair on the lower extremities.
But when the blood sugar level is below 250mg/dl noticeable symptoms of hyperglycemia do not often occur.
Avoid artificial sugar
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